Compact Spectrometer for Laser WL Measurement Model S150

  • Description
  • Specifications
  • Spectra
  • Range & Resolution calculator

Advantages:

  • High resolution up to 15pm
  • Compact design
  • No need for an external power source
  • Choice of spectral ranges and resolutions tailored to your requirement

The S150 spectrometer is designed to analyse spectra of CW and pulsed laser light sources. Due to its relatively low aperture ratio and high spectral resolution the S150 perfectly suits for wavelength measurements of lasers, diodes and other sources emitting high-power optical signals.

The spectral range and resolution (i.e. grating lines density) are chosen at the time of placing your order. For your convenience the SPECIFICATIONS lists the average values of grating dispersion, spectral resolution and multichannel array bandpass corresponding to a certain grating. Contact a SOLAR LS specialist for more precise calculation of parameters for your instrument.

The S150 may contain a CCD detector based on either one of three non-cooled linear image sensors (see the SPECIFICATIONS). The TCD1304 linear image sensor is the most popular due to its high sensitivity and narrow pixels capable of providing high spectral resolution.

The S150 is convenient and easy to use: it is calibrated by the manufacturer, does not contain any movable parts, is controlled and powered from the computer via the Full-Speed USB interface.

The S150 can be triggered from your light source with standard TTL trigger pulses via connector BNC-58. The S150 is also able to produce TTL trigger pulses.

The S150 delivery set contains a USB control cable, direct and reverse synchronisation cables and UV optical fiber. Light input with the optical fiber provides flexible arrangement of your instrumentation system. The spectrometer is able to operate without the optical fiber, with analysed light steered directly to its input slit.

To meet both of the conflicting demands, high resolution and wide operation range, within a single compact device we have developed the two-channel spectrometer S150-II.

The optical bench design of the S150-II two-channel spectrometer provides possibility of installing either two of diffraction gratings listed in the SPECIFICATIONS, with alternate recording of channels spectral ranges.

Yet the optical bench of the S150-II spectrometer does not contain any movable parts. The only moving element is a shutter which interrupts the optical beam in one of the channels. The shutter is moved from one channel to the other (changing the spectral operation range of the S150-II spectrometer) manually by a simple turn of the two-position switch.

The S150 Optical Schematic

The S150-II Optical Schematic

Having chosen proper diffraction gratings for two channels of the S150-II spectrometer you are able to observe either:

  • two spectral intervals with the same resolution located at different spectrum regions within the operation range of two identical diffraction gratings (analogue to two identical S150 spectrometers);
  • wide spectral interval (up to 200-1100 nm) with resolution of 0.5nm and a selected narrow spectrum range with resolution up to 0.015 nm (analogue of two S150 spectrometers with different gratings), as well as other combinations of spectral ranges at your choice.
SPECTROGRAPHS150 ( S150-II )
Optical benchCzerny-Turner
Focal Length, mm150
F/Number1 :12
Entrance slit width, mm height, mm0.018 3
Diffraction gratingone of the following (two for the S150-II)
lines/mm200300400600120018001800 2ndorder1800 3rdorder
Reciprocal dispersion (average), nm/mm3321.51610.553.31.40.8
Spectral Resolution (average), nm1)0.660.440.320.210.10.060.0250.015
Spectral range, nm200-1100200-1100200-1100200-1100200-1100200-800200-450200-350
Multichannel array bandpass, nm920620460310150954023
Computer InterfaceFull-Speed USB
Optical InputUV Optical Fiber 0.6 (0.4)mm diameter, 1m lengh SMA-905 connector
Dimensions, mm155 x 200 x 105
Weight, kg2,5

1) Spectral resolution of the S150 spectrometer is indicated for the detection system based on the TCD1304 linear image sensor.

LINEAR IMAGE SENSORTCD1304 3648 pixels pix.size 8mmTCD1205 2048 pixels pix.size 14mmS8378-1024 1024 pixels pix.size 25mm
Active area size, mm29.18 x 0.228.67 x 0.225.6 x 0.5
Min. exposure time, ms7.34.12.0
Max. exposure time, s1)0.54.05.0
Max. S/N for 1 Scan400 : 1400 : 11000 : 1
Antiblooming2)noyesyes
Dynamic Range900 : 11000 : 13500 : 1
Photo sensitivity, V/lux×s3)1608022 (HS) 4.4 (LS)
Readout noise, ADC counts181416 (HS) 3) 4.4 (LS)
ADC Resolution14 bit, 16384 counts
SynchronizationIN/OUT
Requirements to external trigger pulse
- polarityPositive
- amplitude, V3-15
- pulse duration FWHM, s5-20
- connectorBNC-58
Parameters of the trigger pulses
- polarityPositive
- amplitude, V4-5
- pulse duration FWHM, s10

1) Max. exposure time is the time when the dark signal reaches 10% of the dynamic range at +25°C ambient.

2) Antiblooming is a sensor feature eliminating charge overflow from exposed pixels to surrounding pixels.

3) The S8378-512 linear image sensor provides possibility of control over sensitivity mode: high (HS) or low (LS).

SPECTRA RECORDED WITH S150

The S150 spectrometer with the diffraction grating 1800 lines/mm, operating in the 3rd spectral order within the range 200-350nm (width of the simultaneously recorded spectral interval is 23nm) allows resolving lines of Hg 313.184nm and 313.155nm, with distance between lines 29pm. A fragment of the respective spectrum is shown below.

Fragment of emission spectrum of the mercury lamp recorded by the S150 spectrometer with the 1800 lines/mm grating

To calculate the operating spectral range and resolution, select the diffraction grating, detector type and entrance slit width. Then select the location of the multichannel array bandpass within the possible spectral range of the diffraction grating.

Diffraction grating
The choice of the grating with a large number of lines/mm will lead to a better expected resolution and a narrower multichannel array bandpass. Blaze wavelength affects grating efficiency. It is selected at the time of the spectrometer order.

Select detector/ pixel width
The choice of the detector affects expected spectral resolution

Select entrace slit width
The choice of the slit width affects expected spectral resolution
Select the location of the multichannel array bandpass within the possible spectral range of the diffraction grating. Move left and right handles to select start and end wavelengths (or drag the whole range) with left-mouse button.